Spelling Words Ending in -ed

We add -ed to the end of regular verbs to make the past simple and past participle forms. There are some spelling rules to follow when adding -ed to verbs.

Words ending in 'y'

There are two rules for words ending in 'y'.

1. Words with an /iː/ sound or an /аɪ/ sound

The words see and study end with an /iː/ sound.

The words buy and cry end with an /аɪ/ sound.

If the word ends with an /iː/ or /аɪ/ sound, you remove the 'y' and add -ied.

Words ending in 'y' with an /iː/ sound
verbverbed
studystudied
carrycarried
Words ending in 'y' with an /аɪ/ sound
verbverbed
crycried
trytried

We use special symbols to show different sounds. They are called the phonetic alphabet.

2. Other sounds

For all other words ending in 'y', we just add -ed.

Words ending in 'y'
verbverbed
playplayed
enjoyenjoyed

Words ending in 'e'

For words endind in 'e' we just add -d.

Words ending in 'e'
verbverbed
loveloved
smilesmiled

Words that need a double letter

For some words you need to double the last letter before you add -ed. These words have a special pattern. The last three letters of the word have the pattern consonant-vowel-consonant (c-v-c).

Vowels are the letters a, e, i, o, u. All other letters are consonants.

The word skip follows this pattern.

skip
cvc
Words with a c-v-c pattern
verbverbed
skipskipped
admitadmitted

Exceptions

There are some exceptions to doubling the last letter of c-v-c words.

1. If the word ends in 'w', 'x', or 'z' just add -ed.

Words with a c-v-c pattern ending in 'w', 'x', or 'z'
verbverbed
towtowed
boxboxed

2. If the word has two syllables, and the stress is on the first syllable, we just add -ed.

An example is the word visit.

Words with a c-v-c pattern with a stressed first syllable
verbverbed
visitvisited

These spelling rules only work for regular verbs. Have a look at the irregular verb tables to see how to spell irregular verbs.


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