Spelling -ing Words
We use verbs ending in -ing in continuous tenses and as gerunds. There are some spelling rules to follow when adding -ing to verbs.
Words Ending in 'y'
Words ending in 'y' are easy. You just add -ing to the end of the word.
Words Ending in 'e'
When a word ends in 'e', you remove the 'e' and then add -ing.
Words Ending in the /iː/ Sound
The exception is words that end in the letter 'e' and the /iː/ sound.
For words that end with an /iː/ sound, you keep the 'e' and add -ing.
We use special symbols to show different sounds. They are called the phonetic alphabet.
Words That Need a Double Letter
For some words you need to double the last letter before you add -ing. These words have a special pattern. The last three letters of the word have the pattern consonant-vowel-consonant (c-v-c).
Vowels are the letters a, e, i, o, u. All other letters are consonants.
The word swim follows this pattern.
For other words that don't have the c-v-c pattern, you just add -ing to the end.
The word eat is one of these words