A present participle is a form of verb. We use it in continuous tenses, and to modify nouns or pronouns.
Making the Present Participle
To make the present participle, we add -ing to the verb.
Making Present Participles
Using Present Participles in Continuous Tenses
We use present participles with ‘be’ to make continous tenses.
The girl was running.‘Running’ is the present participle.
Using Present Participles to Modify Nouns or Pronouns
We can use present participles on their own to modify nouns and pronouns, or we can use them as part of a participle phrase.
Present Participles as Adjectives
We can use present participles to modify nouns in the same way that we use adjectives.
The running water filled the tub.The present participle, ‘running’, describes the noun, ‘water’.
The cold water filled the tub.The adjective, ‘cold’, describes the noun, ‘water’.
Present Participles in Participle Phrases
We can use present participles as part of a phrase which modifies a noun or pronoun.
Running by the river, John saw a strange bird.The present participle, ‘running’, modifies the noun, ‘John’.