Using Possessive ’s
We use possessive forms to show who owns something. You can make a noun possessive by adding apostrophe s (’s) to the end.
Kate’s bagKate is a name. The bag belongs to Kate.
the dog’s ball‘Dog’ is a noun. The ball belongs to the dog.
For all singular nouns, we make the possessive form by adding ’s.
the girl’s hat‘Girl’ is the noun. The girl owns the hat.
We add ’s even when the noun already ends in s.
Jess’s coatJess is a name. Jess owns the coat.
the princess’s crown‘Princess’ is a noun. The crown belongs to the princess.
Most plural nouns end in s. When a plural noun end in s, you make the possessive form by adding just the apostrophe (’).
the dogs’ ballThere are multiple dogs. The dogs own the ball.
the girls’ hatsThere are multiple girls. The girls own the hats.
If a plural noun doesn’t end in s, you make the possessive form by adding ’s.
the children’s hatsThere are multiple children. The children own the hats.
Living Things and Inanimate Objects
We usually use possessive ’s when we are talking about living things, such as people, groups of people, and animals.
The possessive form can sound strange if you use it to talk about things that aren’t alive (inanimate objects).
The dog’s leg is broken.A dog is a living creature, so we can use the possessive.
The leg of the table is broken.A table is not alive, so it sounds strange to say ’the table’s leg is broken'.